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Umupira wamaguru Umucyo LED Kumurika & Igisubizo

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Uratekereza gusimbuza gakondo n'amatara ya LED?Umupira wamaguru ni sport ikunzwe gukinwa kwisi yose.Hari igihe umupira wamaguru wakinwaga hanze gusa.Mubihe byashize, ni siporo ikinwa umunsi wose, haba hanze ndetse no murugo.

Ku bijyanye no kumurika, bifite uruhare runini, cyane cyane kuri stade yo mu nzu.Itara ryiza rya LED rizarinda abantu bose kumurika stade neza.Ibi bifite ingaruka itaziguye kumikorere yabakinnyi.Ifasha mukwongera icyerekezo cyabakinnyi nabareba.Niba urumuri rukaze kuri bo, bizababuza gukora neza.

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Kubera ko siporo yose ifite ibisabwa bitandukanye, ntamuntu numwe wogushushanya ushobora guhuza stade yose.Ninimpamvu ukeneye kwibanda kumatara asabwa mugihe ugura amatara ya LED.Hariho ubwoko butandukanye bwamatara ya LED, bigatuma bigorana kandi biteye ubwoba kugura itara ryiza rya LED kubibuga byumupira wamaguru.

Muri iyi nyandiko, twakoze ubuyobozi bwuzuye kumurima wumupira wamaguru LED.Reba!

Amatara yumupira wamaguru ni iki?

Amatara akoreshwa mukibuga cyumupira wamaguru ni amatara maremare, afite imbaraga zihagije zo kumurikira stade yose.Amatara meza azakwirakwiza urumuri kuri stade y'umupira neza.Mubisanzwe, ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru gifite amatara kumpande zombi.
Nubwo stade nini cyangwa ntoya, ubwoko bwamatara burakenewe.Sitade yaka neza izamura icyerekezo cya bombi, abareba, nabakinnyi.Umupira ugomba kugaragara byoroshye kuri buri wese.

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Amatara Ibisabwa Kubibuga byumupira wamaguru

Mbere yo guhindura amatara gakondo kuri stade yumupira wamaguru, hari ibintu byinshi ugomba kwibandaho.

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1. Imbaraga z'itara

Icyifuzo cya mbere ugomba kwibandaho ni imbaraga zumucyo LED uzakenera.Kugirango urusheho gusobanukirwa imbaraga zisabwa, reba kururugero.Ubunini bwikibuga cyumupira wamaguru ni 105 x 68 m.Ubuso bwose bwumurima bushobora gusaba 2000 lux.Ibi bivuze ko lumens zose zisabwa ari 7.140 x 2000 = 14.280,000.Impuzandengo yumucyo urumuri rwa LED ni 140 lm / W.Wattage ntarengwa isabwa ni 14.280,000 / 140 = 102,000 watts.

Urwego rwumucyo

Kimwe mu bintu byingenzi ugomba gusuzuma ni urwego rumurika.Kumurika ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru bisaba guhagarikwa no gutambuka.Uhagaritse kumurika ni ingirakamaro kumashusho yabakinnyi.Kurundi ruhande, itara rya horizontal rizatwikira ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru.
Birasabwa ko ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru kigomba kugira lux 1500 kuri vertical mugihe 2000 lux kuri horizontal.

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3. Guhuza ibiganiro bya TV

Turi mubihe bya digitale aho 4K yo gutangaza TV aribisanzwe.Kugirango yemere amashusho meza kandi yerekana amafoto, urumuri rwa LED rugomba gutanga urumuri rwiza kandi rukomeye.Iragusaba kandi gushyiramo ingufu kugirango ugabanye urumuri.Ninimpamvu ituma amatara ya LED ari amahitamo meza.
Amatara menshi ya LED afite anti-glare optique izakuraho ibyiyumvo bitangaje kandi bihindagurika.Ukoresheje lens idasanzwe yo gutwikira no gutwikira, urwego rwurumuri rushobora kugumaho icyarimwe, urumuri rutifuzwa ruragabanuka.

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4. Guhuza urumuri

Nk’uko abayobozi ba UEFA babitangaza ngo itara ry’umupira wamaguru rigomba kugira uburinganire hagati ya 0.5 kugeza 0.7.Ikwirakwizwa ryumucyo ripimirwa mubipimo kuva kuri 0 kugeza kuri 1. Iki kintu gifite uruhare runini muguhitamo itara ryumupira wamaguru.Ni ukubera ko itara ritaringaniye rizagira ingaruka mbi mumaso yabarebera hamwe nabakinnyi.Iyo bigeze kuburinganire, ntabwo byoroshye nkuko bigaragara.Kubera ko urumuri ruri urukiramende cyangwa ruzengurutse, hazabaho guhuzagurika mu bice bimwe na bimwe ntibishobora guhuzagurika.Kugirango utange urumuri rumwe rwa LED, rugomba kugira imbaraga nke nu nguni ntoya.Urashobora no gukoresha igishushanyo mbonera kizamura itara.

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5. Ikibazo Cyumwanda

Amatara meza kumupira wamaguru ntagomba gutera umwanda.Ibi biterwa nuko kumeneka kworoheje bigira ingaruka itaziguye mubice bituranye.Ubutaka bwubutaka bwa stade bugomba kuba hagati ya 25 na 30 lux.
Kuri Onor Lighting, urashobora kubona ubwoko bwose bwamatara ya LED harimo amatara yimikino Olempike na Premier League.

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6. Uburebure bw'inzu

Ikindi gisabwa kumatara ya stade nuburebure bwinzu ya stade.Uburebure bugomba kuva kuri metero 30 kugeza kuri 50.Kugirango ugire urumuri rwiza, gutakaza urumuri bigomba kuba bike.Ikintu cyingenzi ugomba kuzirikana nuko gutakaza urumuri byanze bikunze.100% by'urumuri ruteganijwe ku kibuga cy'umupira.Hafi ya, 30% ikwirakwijwe mubice bikikije.
Kugira ngo iki kibazo gikemuke, hari inzira ebyiri zoroshye.Urashobora gukoresha optique nziza no kongera amatara menshi.Kurugero, urasabwa kugira 10,000 watts kugirango ucane stade.Ibi bivuze ko uzakenera kugira 12,000 kugeza 13,000 watts kugirango ugire ibisubizo byiza.

7. Ubuzima

Igihe cyo kumurika kigomba kuba kirekire kuko urumuri ruzimya byibuze amasaha 8 kumunsi.Amatara ya LED nuburyo bwiza kuko afite impuzandengo yamasaha 80.000.Byongeye kandi, birashobora kumara imyaka 25 hamwe no kubungabunga zero.
Itara rya Onor ritanga igisubizo cyiza cyubwoko bwose bwa stade.Amatara yose ya LED ni murwego rwohejuru-rurerure.

Ibintu ugomba gusuzuma mugihe utegura amatara kumurima wumupira wamaguru

Nta gushidikanya, itara ryiza ningirakamaro mugusohora ubushobozi bwuzuye bwamatara ya stade.Ntushobora guhitamo gushyira urumuri hejuru yumurima.hari ibintu bimwe na bimwe ugomba gusuzuma.Hano hari bimwe mubintu byingenzi.

1.Ubunini bwa Stade y'umupira w'amaguru

Kugirango ugire itara ryukuri rya stade, ugomba kuba ufite imiterere ya stade na pole.Ninimpamvu ituma moderi ya 3D ya stade ikorwa.Ugomba kuzirikana amakuru menshi ufite, niko gahunda yo kumurika izaba neza.

Ahanini, stade ifite hafi 6-pole, 4-pole, cyangwa urumuri ruzengurutse.Mubisanzwe, uburebure bwa pole ya mast buratandukanye kuva kuri metero 30 kugeza kuri 50.Mugihe cyo gushiraho, ubunini bwa stade bufite uruhare runini.Amatara yashyizwe muri stade ahuye nu mucyo wa 3D.

2. Guhitamo Itara ryiza rya LED

Kumurika ikibuga cya Premier League, UFEA, cyangwa imikino iyo ari yo yose yabigize umwuga, uzakenera amatara menshi ya LED.Gukoresha igenamiterere cyangwa imiterere imwe ntabwo byemewe kubikorwa bitandukanye.Ibi ni ukubera ko intera itambitse hagati ya pole n'umurima, ibisabwa byiza, n'uburebure bwa pole biratandukanye.Ninimpamvu ituma buri stade igira itara ritandukanye.
Itara rya Onor ninzobere ikomeye ya LED yumucyo uzagufasha guhitamo urumuri rukwiye hamwe nimbaraga zamatara ya LED.

3. Kugerageza Itara

Kugirango utezimbere urumuri, amatara azunguruka ukoresheje software.Inguni ya projection ya buri mucyo ihindurwa kugirango ihindure uburinganire n'ubwiza.

4. Raporo ya Photometric

Iyo ihinduka rirangiye, raporo ya fotometrike ikorwa hamwe na luminaire nziza na optique.Iyi dosiye ya DIALux ikubiyemo izoline, ibara ryibara ryerekana, hamwe nimbonerahamwe.Ifasha mugutanga ndetse no kumurika neza kuri stade.

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Nigute wahitamo urumuri rwiza rwa LED kuri stade y'umupira w'amaguru?

Hariho ibintu byinshi ugomba gusuzuma mugihe utoye urumuri rwa LED.Reba kuri bimwe mubintu byingenzi.

1. Kumurika

Kimwe mubintu bya mbere ugomba kwitondera ni luminous efficacy.Amatara ya LED ni meza kandi aramba azagabanya ikiguzi cyo kubungabunga.Bashoboye gukoresha ubwinshi nimbaraga nke zumucyo.

2. Imiterere ya Ani-glare

Ntabwo abantu benshi bibanda kuriyi ngingo.Umucyo utera impungenge haba, abakinnyi, n'abumva.Ibi bibangamira icyerekezo nubushobozi bwo gukina.Kugirango ubone ibintu byose neza, ugomba kubona urumuri rwa LED hamwe na lens anti-glare.

3. Ubushyuhe bw'amabara

Ikindi kintu ukwiye gusuzuma ni ubushyuhe bwamabara.Ubushyuhe rusange bwamabara asabwa kuri stade yumupira wamaguru ni 4000K.Nyamara, ahanini 5000K kugeza 6000K ubushyuhe bwamabara yo gutanga umucyo mwiza no kumurika.

4. Ibintu birwanya amazi

Itara rya LED rigomba kuba ridafite amazi kandi rikagira IP65.Ibi ni ukubera ko uzashobora gukoresha urumuri ahantu hose ukunda, hanze ndetse no murugo.

5. Gukwirakwiza Ubushyuhe

Amatara ya LED nuburyo bwiza bwo gucana ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru kuko ntabwo azagusha ubushyuhe imbere.Niba ubushyuhe bugumanye, ubuzima burashobora kugira ingaruka kandi bikongera ibyago byimpanuka.
Mu kurangiza, kumurika umupira wamaguru nikintu cyingenzi kigomba gutegurwa neza.Turizera ko iki gitabo kizagufasha guhitamo urumuri rwiza rwa LED.Niba ugifite ikibazo, Itara rya Onor rirahari kugirango rigufashe.Dufite itsinda ryinzobere ninzobere bazashyira imbaraga zabo zose kugirango bagufashe gutunganya neza.

Amatara

Igipimo cyo kumurika kivuga ku rwego rwigihugu JGJ153-2016, kandi ibisabwa kumurika kumupira wamaguru nibi bikurikira:

Ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru

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Ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru

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Itara

Kumurika ubuziranenge bwumupira wamaguru biterwa ahanini no kumurika no kumurika uburinganire bwumupira wamaguru kimwe no gucana amatara.Amatara yumupira wamaguru ntagomba gusa kuba yujuje ibyifuzo byabakinnyi, ahubwo agomba no gukenera abareba.

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Ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru

1. Uburyo busanzwe bwo kumurika budafite ibyangombwa bisabwa kuri TV nibi bikurikira:

a.Imiterere ine

Iyo impande enye zumurima zitunganijwe, inguni iri hagati yumurongo kuva hepfo yumucyo ugana hagati yumurongo wumurima no kuruhande rwumurima ntigomba kuba munsi ya 5 °, kandi impande hagati ya umurongo uva hepfo yumucyo ugana hagati yumurongo wo hasi kandi umurongo wo hasi ntugomba kuba munsi ya 10 °, uburebure bwitara bugomba guhaza ko inguni iri hagati yumurongo uva hagati yumucyo ukageza hagati y'ahantu hamwe n'indege yaho ntibigomba kuba munsi ya 25 °.

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b.Gahunda kuruhande

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Mugihe cyo gushushanya impande zombi zumurima, amatara ntagomba gutondekwa mumirongo 10 yumwanya wo hagati wintego kumurongo wo hasi, intera iri hagati yumutara wamatara numurongo wuruhande rwumurima ntigomba kuba munsi Metero 5, kandi uburebure bwamatara bugomba guhura burimo Inguni hagati yumurongo uhagaritse hagati yamatara numurongo wo hagati wumurima kandi indege yumurima ntigomba kuba munsi ya 25 nkuko bigaragara mumashusho hepfo:

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2. Kubibuga byumupira wamaguru bisabwa kuri tereviziyo, uburyo bwo kumurika bufite ingingo zikurikira zo kwitabwaho:

a.Iyo ukoresheje imiterere kumpande zombi zaho

Iyo amatara atunganijwe kumpande zombi, amatara ntagomba gutondekwa muri 15 ° yumwanya wo hagati wintego kumurongo wo hasi.

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b.Iyo impande enye zurubuga zitunganijwe.

Iyo gahunda yimfuruka enye yemejwe, yashyizwemo Inguni hagati yumurongo uva munsi yigitereko cyamatara ugana hagati yumurongo wumurima kandi umurongo wo kumurima ntugomba kuba munsi ya 5 °, kandi Inguni yashyizwemo hagati yumurongo kuva munsi yigitereko cyamatara kugeza hagati yumurongo wumurima kandi umurongo wo hasi ntugomba kuba munsi ya 15 °.Uburebure bwitara bugomba guhura burimo Inguni hagati yumurongo uva hagati yumucyo ugana hagati yumurima nindege yumurima, bitagomba kuba munsi ya 25 °.

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c.Iyo imiterere ivanze yemejwe, umwanya nuburebure bwamatara bigomba kuba byujuje ibisabwa kumpande zombi hamwe nuburyo bune.

d.Mubundi buryo ubwo aribwo bwose, gahunda yumucyo ntishobora kubangamira abumva.

Ikibuga cyumupira wamaguru

Ibibuga byumupira wamaguru murugo bikoreshwa mumahugurwa no kwidagadura.Ibibuga bya basketball murugo birashobora gukoresha uburyo bwo kumurika:

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1. Imiterere yo hejuru

Birakwiriye gusa kubintu bikenewe cyane.Luminaire yo hejuru izatera urumuri kubakinnyi.Kubisabwa cyane, nibyiza gukoresha impande zombi.

2. Gushyira kuruhande

Urukuta rw'uruhande rugomba gushyirwaho amatara yumwuzure, rushobora gutanga urumuri ruhagaze neza, ariko impande zerekana amatara ntizigomba kurenza 65 °.

3. Kwiyubaka bivanze

Amatara atunganijwe muburyo bwo kwishyiriraho hejuru no gushiraho urukuta.

LED Umupira w'amaguru Amatora yo gutoranya

Guhitamo amatara yo hanze yumupira wamaguru akeneye gusuzuma aho yashyizwe, inguni yamatara, hamwe na coeffisente yumuyaga wamatara.Huitianxia LED itara ryumwuzure, isoko yumucyo ifata ikirango cyambere cyatumijwe hanze, kandi imiterere myiza kandi itanga bizatuma ikibuga cyimikino cyose gisa nkicyiza-cyanyuma.Amatara mashya yingufu za Huapu aragereranywa namatara yihariye yikibuga cyumupira wamaguru cyigihugu.Nyuma yubuhanga bwubuhanga bwa optique, urumuri rumuri nukuri, rutezimbere cyane ikoreshwa ryamatara.Amatara ashyirwa hafi yikibuga nta mucyo kandi urabagirana, kugirango abakinnyi bashobore gukina urwego rwiza mumikino.

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Igihe cyo kohereza: Mutarama-08-2022